FLUVIAL EROSION RISK ANALYSIS: AN AMAZON STUDY CASE

Análise de risco a erosão fluvial: um estudo de caso na Amazônia

  • Iris Celeste Nascimento Bandeira Geological Survey of Brazil
  • Raimundo Almir Costa da Conceição Geological Survey of Brazil
  • Milena Marília Nogueira de Andrade Federal Rural University of the Amazon
  • Sheila Gatinho Teixeira Geological Survey of Brazil
  • Dianne Danielle Farias Fonseca Geological Survey of Brazil
  • Joao Batista Marcelo de Lima Geological Survey of Brazil
  • Andressa Macedo Silva de Azambuja Geological Survey of Brazil
  • Aderson Manoel da Silva Gregorio Centro de Instrução Almirante Braz de Aguiar
  • Luciana de Jesus Penha Pamplona Miyagawa Geological Survey of Brazil
  •  Silvio Tadeu Teles da Silva Estácio Nazaré College, Belém-Pará, Brazil
  • Paulo Afonso Pereira Aguiar Geological Survey of Brazil

Resumo

In the Amazon region, there are more than 69.000 people living in areas at risk of fluvial erosion processes. In addition to the large number of people impacted, studies have shown that the erosion patterns identified on the margins of mega rivers in the Amazon region are distinct due to the fact they are related the mass movement leading to great soil displacement known as ‘Terras Caidas’. In this context, this study aims to evaluate quantitatively the degrees of risk in areas subject to fluvial erosion in three communities: Itanduba, São Braz, and Fátima de Urucurituba. The methods include hazard attributes, as well as vulnerability aspects, through the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP). A multitemporal analysis were made to validated the marginal erosion a t the studied areas. The results indicated a high risk of fluvial erosion on these areas. The local families lives under high and very high social vulnerability in conditions with little infrastructure and very close to the susceptible erosive riverbank. The riverbank is composed of poorly consolidated sediments, show instability indicators, and are usually associated to drainages with flow rates above 100.000 m3/s. The results and methodology brings an important contribuition to territorial planning of the region.

Biografia do Autor

Raimundo Almir Costa da Conceição, Geological Survey of Brazil

 

 

 

Dianne Danielle Farias Fonseca, Geological Survey of Brazil

 

 

 

Joao Batista Marcelo de Lima, Geological Survey of Brazil

 

 

 

Andressa Macedo Silva de Azambuja, Geological Survey of Brazil

 

 

 

Aderson Manoel da Silva Gregorio, Centro de Instrução Almirante Braz de Aguiar

 

 

 

Luciana de Jesus Penha Pamplona Miyagawa, Geological Survey of Brazil

 

 

 

 Silvio Tadeu Teles da Silva, Estácio Nazaré College, Belém-Pará, Brazil

 

 

 

Paulo Afonso Pereira Aguiar, Geological Survey of Brazil

 

 

 

Referências

ABIDIN RZ, SULAIMAN MS, YUSOFF N. Erosion risk assessment: A case study of the Langat River bank in Malaysia. International Soil and Water Conservation Research, v. 5, p. 26–35, 2017. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.iswcr.2017.01.002
ALBERT JS, VAL P, HOORN C. The changing course of the Amazon River in the Neogene: center stage for neotropical diversification. Neotropical Ichthyology, v. 16, n. 3, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1590/1982-0224-20180033
ALY EL-DIEN A, TAKEBAYASHI H, FUJITA M. Stability of Riverbanks Under Unsteady Flow Conditions. International Journal of Erosion Control Engineering, v.7, n. 2, p. 48-55, 2014. https://doi.org/10.13101/ijece.7.48
ASHWORTH PJ, LEWIN J. How do big rivers come to be different?. Earth-Science Reviews, v. 114, n. 1-2, p. 84–107, 2012. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.earscirev.2012.05.003
NATIONAL WATER AGENCY – ANA. Flow rate. 2019. http://www.snirh.gov.br/hidrotelemetria/Mapa.aspx. Accessed on 2019 Octuber 03.
NATIONAL WATER AGENCY – ANA. Databank. 2020. http://www.snirh.gov.br/hidroweb/. Accessed on 2020 February 10.
ANDRADE MMN, SZLAFSZTEIN CF, SOUZA FILHO, PWM, ARAUJO A R, GOMES, MKT. A socioeconomic and natural vulnerability index for oil spills in an Amazonian harbor: A case study using GIS and remote sensing. Journal of Environmental Management, v. 91, n. 10, p.1972-1980, 2010. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2010.04.016
ANDRADE MMN, SZLAFSZTEIN CF. Vulnerability assessment including tangible and intangible components in the index composition: An Amazon case study of flooding and fl ash flooding. Science of the Total Environment, v. 630, n. 15, p. 903-912. 2018. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.02.271
ANDRADE MMN, SZLAFSZTEIN CF. Coping and adaptation strategies and institutional perceptions of hydrological risk in an urban Amazonian city. Disasters, v. 44, v. 4. 2019. https://doi.org/10.1111/disa.12414
AVILA H, VARGAS G, DAZA R. Susceptibility analysis of river bank erosion based on exposure to shear stress and velocity combined with hydrologic and geomorphologic variables. In: WORLD ENVIRONMENTAL AND WATER RESOURCES CONGRESS: WATER WITHOUT BORDERS © ASCE 2014. https://ascelibrary.org/doi/10.1061/9780784413548.154
BANDEIRA ICN, ADAMY A, ANDRETTA ER, COSTA CRA, ANDRADE MMN. Terras caídas: Fluvial erosion or distinct phenomenon in the Amazon?. Environmental Earth Sciences, v. 77, n. 222, p.1-16, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12665-018-7405-7
BANDEIRA ICN, SIMÕES PML. Setorização de áreas de alto e muito alto risco a movimentos de massa, enchentes e inundações: Porto de Moz, Pará. Belém, PA: Serviço Geológico do Brasil - CPRM, 27p. 2017. http://rigeo.cprm.gov.br/jspui/handle/doc/18358. Accessed on 2019 June 05.
BANDEIRA ICN, COSTA CRA. Setorização de áreas em alto e muito alto risco a movimentos de massa, enchentes e inundações: Prainha, Pará. Belém, PA: Geological Survey of Brazil - CPRM, 46p. 2019. http://rigeo.cprm.gov.br/jspui/handle/doc/18359. Accessed on 2019 June 05.
BANDEIRA ICN, SIMÕES PML, MELO JUNIOR, H R. Caracterização geológico geotécnica dos sedimentos marginais e sua relação com suscetibilidade à erosão fluvial (terras caídas) da comunidade de São Braz, municipio de Porto de Moz - Pará. Revista Brasileira de Geologia de Engenharia e Ambiental – RBGEA, v. 9, n. 1 – 2, p. 19-25, 2019.
BATHRELLOS G, SKILODIMOU H. Using the analytic hierarchy process to create an erosion risk map. A case study in Malakasiotiko stream, Trikala perfecture. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Greece, 2007. https://doi.org/10.12681/bgsg.17205
BHOWMIK NG, DEMISSIE M, GUO CY. Waves Generated by river traffic and wind on the Illinois and Mississippi Rivers. Research Report - University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Water Resources Center, 1982. p.167.
BRAZIL. Lei n°. 12.608 de 10 de abril, 2012. Institui a Política Nacional de Proteção e Defesa Civil. Casa Civil. 2012. http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/_Ato2011-2014/2012/Lei/L12608.htm Accessed on 2017 August 02.
INSTITUTO BRASILEIRO DE GEOGRAFIA E ESTATISTICA – IBGE. Panorama de Santarém, State of Pará. 2010a. https://cidades.ibge.gov.br/brasil/pa/santarem/panorama. Accessed on 2019 Octuber 20.
INSTITUTO BRASILEIRO DE GEOGRAFIA E ESTATISTICA - IBGE. Panorama de Porto de Moz, State of Pará. 2010b. https://cidades.ibge.gov.br/brasil/pa/porto-de-moz/panorama. Accessed on 2019 Octuber 20.
INSTITUTO BRASILEIRO DE GEOGRAFIA E ESTATISTICA - IBGE. Panorama de Prainha, State of Pará. 2010c. https://cidades.ibge.gov.br/brasil/pa/prainha/panorama. Accessed on 2019 Octuber 20.
Carvalho JAL. Terras caídas e consequências sociais: Costa de Miracauera - Paraná da Trindade, Municipio de Itacoatiara – AM, Brasil. Dissertação, Universidade Federal do Amazonas – UFAM. 2006. 141p.
CARVALHO CS, GALVÃO T. Prevenção de riscos de deslizamentos em encostas: guia para elaboração de políticas municipais. Brasília: Ministério das Cidades; Cities Alliance. 2006. 111 p. https://www.mdr.gov.br/images/stories/ArquivosSNPU/Biblioteca/PrevencaoErradicacao/Livro_Curso_Capacitacao_Tecnicos_Municipais.pdf. Accessed on 2019 September 5.
CARVALHO CS, MACEDO ES, OGURA, AT. Mapeamento de riscos em encostas e margem de rios. Brasília: Ministério das Cidades; Instituto de Pesquisas Tecnológicas – IPT. 2007. 176 p. https://www.mdr.gov.br/images/stories/ArquivosSNPU/Biblioteca/PrevencaoErradicacao/Livro_Mapeamento_Enconstas_Margens.pdf. Accessed on 2017 June 20.
CHARMAN, JH, GRIFFITHS JS. Terrain evaluation methods for predicting relative hazards from mass movement, fluvial erosion and soil erosion in the developing world. In: Merriman PA, Browitt CWA (eds) Natural disasters: protecting vulnerable communities. Thomas Telford, Londres, 1993, p. 167-183.
COPPIN NJ, RICHARDS IG. Use of vegetation in civil engineering. Butterworths, London, UK. 1990.
COUPER P. Effects of silt–clay content on the susceptibility of river banks to subaerial erosion. Geomorphology, v. 56, n. 1, p. 95-108, 2003. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0169-555X(03)00048-5
CURRAN JH, MCTEAGUE ML. Geomorphology and Bank Erosion of the Matanuska River, Southcentral Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2011-5214, 2011. 64 p. https://pubs.usgs.gov/sir/2011/5214/pdf/sir20115214.pdf. Accessed on 2020 June 30.
CUTTER SL, BORUFF BJ, SHIRLEY WL. Social vulnerability to environmental hazards. Social Science Quarterly, v. 84, n. 2, 2003. https://doi.org/10.1111/1540-6237.8402002
DERRUAU, M. Geomorfología. Barcelona. Ed. Ariel, 1966. 442p.
FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY – FEMA. Riverine Erosion Hazard Areas: Mapping Feasibility Study. 1999. https://www.fema.gov/media-library/assets/documents/7235. Accessed on: 2020 June 28.
GALLO MN, VINZON SB. Generation of overtides and compound tides in Amazon estuary. Ocean Dynamics, v. 55, n. 5-6, p. 441-448, 2005. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10236-005-0003-8
GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF BRAZIL – CPRM. Setorização de risco geológico. 2020. http://www.cprm.gov.br/publique/Gestao-Territorial/Prevencao-de-Desastres/Produtos-por-Estado---Setorizacao-de-Risco-Geologico-5390.html. Accessed on 2020 April 20.
GHOSH D, SAHU AS. The impact of population displacement due to river bank erosion on the education of erosion victims: a study in jangipur sub-division of murshidabad district, West Bengal, India. Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series, v. 46, n. 46, p. 103–118, 2019. https://doi.org/10.2478/bog-2019-0037
GRAY DH, MACDONALD A. The role of vegetation in river bank erosion. In: M. A. Ports (ed). Hydraulic engineering. Proceedings of the 1989 national conference on hydraulic engineering, 1989. 218-223p.
HIMMELSTOSS EA, HENDERSON RE, KRATZMANN MG AND FARRIS AS. Digital Shoreline Analysis System (DSAS) version 5.0 user guide: U.S. Geological Survey, Open-File, Report 2018–1179. 2018.
https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20181179
INSTITUTE OF APPLIED ECONOMIC RESEARCH - IPEA, United Nations Development Programme - PNUD, João Pinheiro Foundation – FJP. Radar IDHM: Evolution of the IDHM and its indices from 2012 to 2017. Brasília, DF: IPEA. 2019. ISBN: 978-85-7811-350-6
KNIGHTON D. Fluvial forms and process: A new perspective. London: E. Arnold, 2014. 400p. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203784662
LATRUBESSE EM. Patterns of anabranching channels: The ultimate end-member adjustment of mega rivers. Geomorphology, v.101, n. 1-2, p. 130-145, 2008. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2008.05.035
LUNA AV. Roles of vegetation on river bank accretion. Dissertation,
National University of Colombia, Bogotá, Colombia, 2016. 249p. https://doi.org/10.4233/uuid:286c36e8-3cac-403c-9d0a-72a5232c5093
LUZARDO R, TEIXEIRA S. Setorização de áreas de alto e muito alto risco a movimentos de massa, enchentes e inundações – Municipio de Santarém - PA. Belém, PA: Serviço Geológico do Brasil - CPRM. 2012. http://rigeo.cprm.gov.br/jspui/handle/doc/18366. Accessed on 2019 June 05
MAFFRA CRB, MORAES MT, SOUZA RS, SUTILI FJ, PINHEIRO RJB, SOARES JMD. Evaluation Methods of plants influence and contribuition on slope stability. In: Scientia Agraria, v. 18, n. 4, p.129-143, 2017. http://dx.doi.org/10.5380/rsa.v18i4.52543
MAGALHÃES RC, VIEIRA AFSG. As características hidrológicas do solo de várzea e sua vulnerabilidade ao processo de terras caídas na Amazônia Central (BR). Revista Brasileira de Geografia Física, v. 11, n. 3, p. 773-788, 2018. https://doi.org/10.26848/rbgf.v11.3.p773-788.
MAPBIOMAS. Uso e ocupação do solo. 2019. Available at: https://mapbiomas.org/downloads_collections-1-2. Access on: 2019 November 10.
MARINHA. Atlas of Pilot Charts. Board of Hidrography and Navigation of the Brazilian Navy. Rio de Janeiro. 2019. https://www.marinha.mil.br/chm/sites/www.marinha.mil.br.chm/files/u1974/cp.pdf. Accessed on 2020 March 10.
MARINHA. Cartas rasters. 2020. https://www.marinha.mil.br/chm/dados-do-segnav/cartas-raster. Accessed on 2020 June 12.
MACFALL J, ROBINETTE P, WELCH D. Factors influencing bank geomorphology and erosion of the Haw River, a high order river in North Carolina, Since European Settlement. PLoS One, 2014. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0110170
MASKARE BB. Lithological control on channel morphology: a study of kas river Gorge in Ahmednagar district, Maharashtra, Índia. Global Journal of Engineering Science and Research Management, v. 2, 2015. ISSN: 2349-4506.
MERTES LAK, DUNNE T. Effects of Tectonism, Climate Change, and Sea‐level Change on the Form and Behaviour of the Modern Amazon River and its Floodplain. In: A. GUPTA (Ed.). Large Rivers: Geomorphology and Management, Wiley, Chichester, 2007. Cap. 8, p. 115-144, 2007. https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470723722.ch8
MOLLAH T H, FERDAUSH J. Riverbank Erosion, Population Migration and Rural Vulnerability in Bangladesh (A Case Study on Kazipur Upazila at Sirajgonj District). Environment and Ecology Research, v. 3, n. 5, p.125-131, 2015. 10.13189/eer.2015.030502
MONTEIRO JS, PADILHA DG, CRUZ JC. Protocol of factors assessment influential in susceptibility to erosion of river slopes. Revista Árvore, Viçosa-MG, v. 40, n. 5, p. 815-823, 2016. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0100-67622016000500005
MULYONO A, SUBARDJA A, EKASARI I, LAILATI M, SUDIRJA R, NINGRUM W. The Hydromechanics of Vegetation for Slope Stabilization. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, v. 118, 2018. Doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/118/1/012038
MOLINIER M, GUYOT JL, OLIVEIRA E, GUIMARAES V, CHAVES A. Hidrologia da bacia do Rio Amazonas. A água em Revista. Rio de janeiro: Geological Survey of Brazil - CPRM. p. 31-36, 1994.
NARDI L, CAMPO L, RINALDI M. Quantification of riverbank erosion and application in risk analysis. Natural Hazards, v. 69, n. 1, p. 869–887, 2013. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11069-013-0741-8
ONTARIO MINISTRY OF NATURAL RESOURCES – OMNR. Technical Guide – River and Stream Systems: Erosion Hazard Limit. Queen’s Printer for Ontario, 2002.
PASSOS MS, SOARES EAA. Multitemporal analysis of the Solimões-Amazonas river system between the Purus and Negro tributaries, Western Amazon, Brazil. Geology USP, Scientific Series, São Paulo, v. 17, n. 1, p. 61-74, 2017. http://dx.doi.org/10.11606/issn.2316-9095.v17-324
PEIXOTO JMA, NELSON BW, WITTMANN F. Spatial and temporal dynamics of river channel migration and vegetation in central Amazonian white-water floosplains by remote-sensing techniques. Remote Sensing of Environment, v. 113, p. 2258-2266, 2009. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2009.06.015
PIMENTEL J, DUTRA T, RIBEIRO RS, PFALTZGRAFF PAS, BRENNY MER, Peixoto D, SILVA DR, IWANAMI H, NISHIMURA T. Risk Assessment and Hazard Mapping Technique in the Project for Strengthening National Strategy of Integrated Natural Disaster Risk Management. International Journal of Erosion Control Engineering, v. 13, n. 1, p. 35-47, 2020. https://doi.org/10.13101/ijece.13.35
REBELO F. Natural Risks and anthropic actions: studies and considerations. 2nd ed. Coimbra: [s.n.], 2001. http://dx.doi.org/10.14195/978-989-26-0467-1
SAATY TL. What is the Analytic Hierarchy Process?. In: MITRA G., GREENBERG H.J., LOOTSMA F.A., RIJKAERT M.J., ZIMMERMANN H.J. (eds) Mathematical Models for Decision Support. NATO ASI Series (Series F: Computer and Systems Sciences). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, v. 48, p. 109-121, 1988. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-83555-1_5
SAATY T L. Decision making with the analytic hierarchy process. International journal of services sciences, v. 1, n. 1, p.83-98, 2008. https://doi.org/10.1504/IJSSci.2008.01759
SILVA, A. B. N.; ANDRADE, M. M. N. Identificação de Risco à Erosão Fluvial na cidade de Cametá (PA), Brasil. DELOS: DESARROLLO LOCAL SOSTENIBLE, v. 12, n. 35, p. 1-16, 2019.
SOUZA ES. Caracterização e Modelagem Geotécnica do fenômeno erosivo Amazônico. Dissertação mestrado. Universidade Federal do Amazonas, faculdade de tecnologia programa de pós-graduação em engenharia civil. Manaus, 2019. 185p.
SOUZA JCR, ALMEIDA RA. Vazante e enchente na Amazônia brasileira: impactos ambientais, sociais e econômicos. In: VI SEMINÁRIO LATINO-AMERICANO DE GEOGRAFIA FÍSICA. Universidade de Coimbra-Portugal. 2010
STEVAUX JC, LATRUBRESSE EM. Geomorfologia fluvial. Oficina de Texto, Sao Paulo, 2017.
SUN R, GAO G, GONG Z, WU J. A review of risk analysis methods for natural disasters. Natural Hazards, v. 100, n. 8, p. 571-593, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11069-019-03826-7
SUTILI FJ. Bioengenharia de solos no âmbito fluvial do sul do Brasil. Ph.D. Departamento de Engenharia Civil e Perigos Naturais, Instituto de Bioengenharia de Solos e Planejamento da Paisagem, Universidade Rural de Viena, Viena, 2007. 94p.
SZLAFSZTEIN C F. DESAFIOS E DEMANDAS EM GEOLOGIA DE ENGENHARIA E AMBIENTAL NA AMAZÔNIA BRASILEIRA, BRASIL. Revista Brasileira de Geologia de Engenharia e Ambiental, v 8, n° 1 - 2, p. 52-59, 2018.
TEIXEIRA SG. Análise Multitemporal da Dinâmica fluvial do Baixo Rio Amazonas no período de 1985 à 2016. In: Anais do 15° Simpósio de Geologia da Amazônia. Belém-PA, 2017.
TEIXEIRA SG, SILVA RLL, LOPES DF. Influência de parâmetros hidrológicos no processo de erosão fluvial na região de Santarém-PA. In: 16º Congresso Brasileiro de Geologia de Engenharia e Ambiental. São Paulo-SP. Anais do Congresso Brasileiro de Geologia de Engenharia e Ambiental: ABGE. São Paulo-SP, 2018.
THIELLER ER, MARTIN D, ERGUL A. The Digital Shoreline Analysis System, version 2.3. Shoreline change measurement software extension ArcMap 9.1. USGS Open-File. 2005.
THORNE CR, OSMAN AM. Riverbank stability analysis II: Applications. ASCE Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, v. 114, n. 2, p.151-172, 1988. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9429(1988)114:2(151)
THORNE, CR. Bank erosion and meander migration of the Red and Mississippi Rivers, USA. In: VAN-DE-VEN, F.H.M., GUTKNECHT, D., LOUCKS, D. P., AND SALEWICZ K. A. (eds), Hydrology for the Water Management of Large River Basins (Proceedings of the Vienna Symposium, August 1991). International Association of Hydrological Sciences, 1991, p. 301- 313.
TEIXEIRA G T, BANDEIRA I C N, FONSECA D D F. Caracterização das tipologias de risco geológico identificadas no Estado do Pará no período de 2012 a 2018. In: Contribuições à Geologia da Amazônia - Volume 11. Sociedade Brasileira de Geologia, Núcleo Norte, 2019. p. 253-269.
TOLEDO VL, LANA JC. Panorama dos desastres naturais no Brasil: Base de dados nacional do risco geológico. In: 16°
Simpósio de Geologia do Sudeste, Campinas-SP. 2019. Geosudeste 2019. Campinas-SP, Sociedade Brasileira de Geologia – Núcleo São Paulo, 2019, p. 224.
VAIDYA O S, KUMAR S. Analytic hierarchy process: An overview of applications. European Journal of Operational Research, v. 169, n. 1 p. 1-29, 2006. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejor.2004.04.028
VASQUEZ ML, ROSA-COSTA LT (org.). Geologia e recursos minerais do estado do Pará: texto explicativo do mapa geológico e de recursos minerais do estado do Pará. Belém: CPRM – Serviço Geológico do Brasil. 328 p. Escala 1:1.000.000. Sistema de Informações Geográficas - SIG; Mapas Geológicos Estaduais; Programa Geologia do Brasil - PGB. 2008. http://rigeo.cprm.gov.br/jspui/handle/doc/10443. Accessed on 2017 April 12.
Publicado
2021-06-25
Como Citar
Nascimento Bandeira, I. C., Conceição, R. A. C. da, Nogueira de Andrade, M. M., Teixeira, S. G., Fonseca, D. D. F., Lima, J. B. M. de, Azambuja, A. M. S. de, Gregorio, A. M. da S., Miyagawa, L. de J. P. P., TelesdaSilva, SilvioT., & Aguiar, P. A. P. (2021). FLUVIAL EROSION RISK ANALYSIS: AN AMAZON STUDY CASE: Análise de risco a erosão fluvial: um estudo de caso na Amazônia. REVISTA GEONORTE, 12(39), 1-25. https://doi.org/10.21170/geonorte.2021.V.12.N.39.01.25
Seção
Artigos